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Keep Cash Flowing: How To Deal
With Slow-Pay And No-Pay Clients

By Maxine Dunn

Voice Actor and Solopreneur

One of the mainstays of a successful voice over career is a healthy cash flow. 

And that doesn't just mean you want to be making a profit, it means the cash needs to FLOW: Money needs to be flowing into your business on a regular basis. 

If you have three or four clients who owe you several thousands of dollars each, and they're all 60 or 90 days past due, that could spell real trouble for your voice over business. 
Note: For the purposes of this article, I'm addressing voice actors who are not signed with an actors' union and who are negotiating and collecting client fees themselves. 

Before I get into the details of how to prevent and handle slow-to-pay or no-pay clients, it's important to address your "mindset" surrounding this issue.

If you're having trouble collecting payment from a client, it can sometimes signal a deeper problem than just an obstinate customer. It can have to do with your confidence. 
  • Are you worried that asking for payment in advance will seem "pushy?"
  • Are your payment policies or terms of engagement vague or wishy-washy?
  • Do you feel that you have to "justify" your fees or payment terms to a client by describing your overhead and years of experience?
  • Are you more accommodating than you need to be with slow-to-pay clients because you fear losing their business?
  • Are you embarrassed to call and ask directly for your money? 
Sometimes you'll discover that your mindset or lack or confidence is exacerbating the problem. 


On a positive note, there is an upside to having a slow-to-pay client.

It can highlight the weak links in your business model that you can then address and improve. 

And it can encourage you to change or reinforce policies that you may have allowed to become too flexible due to familiarity or the passage of time. 


If you're having trouble getting paid, take a good hard look at your:
  • terms of engagement,
  • professional correspondence,
  • payment policies,
  • forms of payment you accept, and
  • own sense of value.
Remember, any problem in your business is always an opportunity for growth! 

So let's look at the two sides of the slow-to-pay client coin, shall we? One side is how to prevent a client from getting into arrears in the first place. The other is how to collect the money that's owed to you.  


Preventing a slow-to-pay situation: 

1. Have crystal clear terms of engagement before you begin any work, and make sure the client agrees to your payment policy and confirms in writing or in an email that they agree to your terms. 

2, The very best policy is to always get payment in advance or at least a 50% deposit in advance.   

3. To protect yourself from the client who justifies withholding payment because "we haven't been paid by OUR client yet," make sure you make it clear you're contracting with them to deliver work for payment for them, not their end-user client. In other words, if you're hired by a production company to record their audio, you should not have to wait until the advertising agency pays them, to get paid. 

4. Don't release the finished audio until the client has paid in full. Make it easy for them to pay: PayPal, credit card, or overnight check. Make sure you let them know this payment policy BEFORE you record the job.   

5. Suggest that your client set up an ACH (electronic deposit) payment agreement for you. All they'll need is your checking account number and bank routing number in order to transfer money directly into your checking account quickly and easily.   

6. Refrain from doing business with clients who try to convince you to significantly lower your fees or who will only hire you based on how "low" your fee is. Price shoppers and clients who don't value you are notoriously slow-to-pay. 


Collecting money from a slow-to-pay client: 

1. Send your invoice promptly after work is finished, and if their payment is even one day late (past your payment terms) follow up the very next day with another copy of the invoice.

Include a friendly note: "In case this was overlooked, attached is a copy of invoice #1234 that was due on July 31, 2012. Thank you kindly for your payment." 

2. If the payment is past 30 days, continue to send your monthly invoices, but also call and speak to your client in person instead of only contacting them via email or regular mail. Don't leave a message. Keep calling until you get them on the phone. 

If after several calls you're unable to get your client on the phone, ask the receptionist who you could speak with about the invoice; for example, accounts payable or the controller. Make every attempt to speak with someone in person about the past due invoice. 

3. Send your invoice via FedEx to your main client contact, accounts payable, or even the CFO. Include a friendly but firm letter requesting payment. You can also explain (briefly) that cash flow is vital to your business and you are unable to carry this unpaid balance any longer. Include an SASE. Remember many times the squeaky wheel gets the oil.  

4. When speaking with your client, accounts payable, controller or CFO, offer to stop by in person to pick up a check or, if they’re in another city, have a courier service pick up the payment for you. Then have the courier service mail the check to you. (Typical courier charges are $30.)   

5. If you'd like to continue working with this client and are willing to help them during a slow-to-pay period, suggest a payment plan to bring the unpaid balance up-to-date. Refrain from accepting further jobs until the balance is paid. Once the outstanding balance has been paid in full, request all future payments in advance. 

6. Add to the invoice (in red ink) that if payment is not made by a certain date, unfortunately you will have no choice but to refer their account to a collection agency. Gentle (not nasty), firm persistence pays off. 


Of course, it's possible to threaten small claims court and additional charges, however give these less extreme strategies a try first. Not all at once!

Try to speak to someone in person as much as you can. It's easy for people to ignore emails and voice-mail messages. 

If you're worried about alienating a client or burning a bridge because you're pursuing payment, ask yourself if that's really the kind of client you want - and if chasing down payments from slow-to-pay or no-pay clients is the best use of your time or energy. 


If months have passed and it's obvious the client is not going to pay you without a lengthy legal battle, consider letting it go. Consider forgiving the debt, learn from the situation, and move on. 

If the situation involves a very large sum of money, this may, of course, not be acceptable to you, but consider the time, energy, expense, and detriment to your mental state and productivity a protracted collection process can cause. 

Carefully weigh how much continuing to try and collect your money will cost you on a personal level. Collecting payment from clients who are dragging their feet or refusing to pay is never fun and rarely easy. 

However, reassessing your payment policies for the future while firmly persisting to collect the money that's owed to you now can put you in a much better position moving forward.

Maxine Dunn is a top voice over artist and on-camera spokesperson who has been seen and heard in hundreds of commercials, documentaries, corporate narrations, voice-mail systems and websites. She is a British native and her ability to also deliver a perfect American accent gives her business a wide range. She works with Fortune 100 companies, award-winning creative teams, and maintains an extensive clientele - locally, nationally, and internationally. Best known for her voice over and spokesperson expertise, she is also an avid writer who enjoys bringing stimulating and motivating material to her readers. Her free weekly e-zine, The Creative Business Advisor, is available at her website (below).

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Comments (5)
1/25/2013 at 4:14 PM
Coming from (still in) on-air/radio sales, I KNOW your points are on-the-money (for the money !) Maxine. Thank you. As someone serious about engaging and prospering in the voice over business, I am very grateful for your practical tips and good business reminders. Regards, IAN in South Australia.
Lance DeBock
1/14/2013 at 11:34 AM
Having owned and run several successful businesses over the years (Radio Stations, Travel Agencies, Aviation Companies), I can tell you Maxine's advice is 'spot-on.' The 50% deposit is critical for 1st time clients. That being said, 30 days net seems to be reasonable for those agencies that that you have a trusted relationship with. Excellent article, Maxine!
Maxine Dunn
9/4/2012 at 2:53 PM
Thanks so much Bettye! I'm really pleased that you like the article. We're always reminded that the business of voice-over is just as important as the craft of voice-over. Hope all is wonderfully well with you!

BP Smyth
8/29/2012 at 8:07 AM
Great points, Maxine, thanks for sharing. One technique I have used that has worked for me in every instance, is to simply remind the client of a scene from the movie The Godfather, where a horse's head is found in bed with that arrogant Director.
Bettye Zoller
8/28/2012 at 11:37 PM
Absolutely mandatory reading for all newbees and suggested for the more advanced! As always, Maxine is succinct, focused, and on target. Great article. I am going to print it out to distribute at my business of vo seminars. Hey Maxine, always the best to you. For those who don't know, Maxie is one of the pillars of our biz.

Bettye Zoller

(Just taught at Univ. of New Orleans LAST week...lucky huh? Blessings to all my NOLA students and stay safe.)
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